Using the splinter analogy above, the infection will improve if the splinter is removed. This is the basis of periodontal treatment, which reduces the biofilm to a level that the body can accept. Our skilled Periodontist removes the calculus (tartar) and biofilm from the tooth’s root surfaces to allow the body’s healing response to take effect. This procedure is usually done under local anesthetic for patient comfort.
Although most people respond to treatment, periodontal disease is never “cured” as the immune system has not been changed; hence the disease process is hopefully controlled (similar to diabetes). In most cases, we aim to maximise outcomes, which is assisted by the patients oral hygiene and regular maintenance. An important aspect to this is that regular maintenance allows the monitoring of the disease and the ability to identify any areas before they become a problem.
Diagnosis of periodontitis is usually done after a thorough exam and consultation, which includes a medical history, a complete dental history and charting, probing of pockets depths and a review of x-rays (usually an OPG).